The function of the immune system is that it protects the body from all of the factors that could affect our health. With a badly damaged immune system no one can survive despite the most effective antibiotic therapies that modern day medicine uses.
Why is it so important?
The immune system is activated every time when any foreign body or organism is found in the human body. These are usually microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi), as well as particles of pollution, or toxins, and such factors are called antigens. There are millions of antigens and some among them may have just a slight difference. A very important task of this system is that it remembers the foreign matter and distinguishes them from those that belong to the human body.
What comprises the immune system?
The organs of the immune system are the lymph nodes, spleen (located in the upper left abdomen), thymus (thymus), tonsils and adenoids. All of them are connected to each system of lymphatic vessels that circulate lymph – a colorless liquid containing the lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) which plays a major role in the immune response of the organism.
Lymph flows out of the blood into peripheral lymph capillaries, which then drains to larger lymphatic vessels and eventually a large lymph vessel again drained into the venous system.
On its way from lymph capillaries into venous circulation, lymph passes through lymph nodes, which act as filters that neutralize harmful substances. Lymph nodes are ball-shaped and consist of a lymphoid tissue. They are located at different places in the human body: in the armpits, groin, stomach, chest, the back of the knee, neck, back and under the jaw.
Normally they are the size of a pea, but when the infection is in the body their size increases. This is due to the accumulation of the antibody, with the aim of the destruction of the antigen.
It is located on the back of the sternum. This gland is a process of maturation of a type of lymphocytes labeled T lymphocytes.
It is located on the upper left side of the abdomen, just below the diaphragm. It has a role similar to that of the lymph nodes, except that it takes place and the decomposition of red blood cells at the end of their lifespan.
The most important role in maintaining human health is the one lymphocytes play. This is one type of white blood cell. There are two types of lymphocytes, such as T and B lymphocytes. Each of them has its own task.
T cells have a role to recognize and distinguish foreign substances from those that belong to the body and to destroy them, and B cells regulate the production of antibodies.
Synthesis of lymphocytes begins in the bone marrow from precursor cells that later mature into T lymphocytes in the thymus until the maturation of B lymphocytes in the bone marrow ends.
The mature T and B cells then pass into the blood and from the blood, they go into peripheral lymphoid organs, such as lymph nodes, spleen, and other. In the blood and lymphoid organs they are always present and ready to react to any foreign antigen
What can we do about it?
The most important thing about immunity is to know that there are some things that we can do in any part of our life to boost it in a natural way. So here are 5 ways to boost your immune system naturally.
1. Fix your sleep patterns
A minimum of 7-8 hours a night’s sleep is essential to maintain a strong immunity. It is important to note that the night’s sleep is much more important than daily sleep. Daily sleep can’t replace the benefits that a good night’s sleep provides the body. Short Afternoon sleep (power nap) can be used as a brief refreshment and rest for the second part of the day, though.
2. Exercise few days a week and stay active throughout the day
Daily workout neutralizes the toxins, increase respiratory capacity, prevents muscle atrophy, accelerate metabolism, burn excess calories that are the main cause of obesity, and directly reduce the body’s resistance to microorganisms.
With any kind of activity (walking also belongs to the physical activity) for at least 30 minutes, at least once every two to three days, many will feel better and have better overall condition.
3. Omega 3 and fish oil
Unsaturated fatty acids (EPA and DHA) have a huge role in the body. They protect the cardiovascular system and the regulation of bad (trans) fats and LDL (lipoprotein that transports cholesterol).
In addition they make the skin, hair, nails, and eyes healthier. If you do not get enough fish, seafood, avocado, olives and olive oil, then omega 3 with as much EPA and DHA in a supplement form should be your next choice.
4. Eat dark chocolate
Dark chocolate with a high percentage of pure cocoa is great choice, so not all chocolate is bad. We should say goodbye to too sugary chocolate and instead opt for the healthy dark chocolate, which is characterized by a minimum 70% of cocoa. Because cocoa is also a very powerful antioxidant, it has one of the highest values on the ORAC scale.
Probiotics are very important for health and boosting the immunity. Only recently has their importance been fully understood. The truth is that the natural balance of flora in the gastrointestinal tract is very important. Prevailing of good bacteria (probiotics) over the bad ones, determines the complete health of bodily functions. Any imbalance in favor of bad bacteria is resulting in declining of immunity, allergies and other problems.
Taking probiotic foods is the best way to boost your immune system, but probiotic supplementation may also be a smart choice. If you can’t get enough of the food containing probiotics or you have a big health issues involving your intestinal flora, feel free to use supplementation. Drugs, especially antibiotics are destroying good bacteria and should therefore be avoided as much as it is possible.
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