Working 9 to 5 has become an habit for most people, but this could be a hard life of routine that will only benefit the owner of a business, but what about those who work at unconventional hours- most especially night shifts?
Most people may not be aware of the fact that shift work place a different demand on the health of the body, and these demands are quite different from demands placed by jobs done within traditional working hours. Shift works may have their own benefits, it can be convenient for a child care giver for instance, then it is often accompanied by extra or better wages, and may give off-days to allow the worker attend to some other needs.
Despite all the benefits that may come with work shifts, Medical researchers are reporting that work shifts may increase the risks of certain disorders and make a negative impact on the overall health of employees.
Shift work is normally classified as any work that with irregular scheduled hours . It is a work shift outside of the regular 6am to 6pm schedule. For this reason, a shift work can be referred to as one that falls in the evenings, irregular shift patterns, and overnights. The commonest work shifts are the evening shifts, with most running through midnight and 2PM. It is believed that , as many as 22 million Americans do work night shift, and sometimes rotate shifts or work on-call.
While there has been a slight drop in the numbers of Americans working on night shifts, there has been a surge in the number of individuals working on night shift, in other parts of the world. From investigations, shiftwork has been found to be more common in industries that produce goods and services round the clock, these include; Transport, health, food services and security. The increased risk of some diseases has been linked with extreme change in work shifts. A recent report published inside the Occupational and Environmental Medicine suggested that shift workers are at higher risks of type 2 diabetes, most especially drivers that work on night shifts, may raise their chances of developing type 2 diabetes by as much as 42%.
The report indicated that the continuous rotation of shift will make it difficult for workers to maintain a constant sleep-wake up routine. This will reduce the quality of sleep, an individual gets, and at the same time weaken insulin resistance in the body. The report went further to suggest that irregular sleep patterns as a result of work shifts may weaken the brain. The report had accessed memory , speed of information processing and overall brain power, and came to the conclusion that individuals who stick with the traditional working ours do have better cognitive skills than those who rotate in-between shifts( especially between evening and late night shifts).
Researcher of the concluded reported suggested that employers must find means of limiting the number of times a worker can work on night shifts, in order for the body to re-adjust to the normal natural system of things.
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